F.S.A Scot (1826 - 1911)
was born on 19 June 1826, in Tranent, East Lothian. He was the first
child and eldest third son of John
Bain Esq and Isobella Todd. Joseph was the first of the
Bains to be able to trace his heritage back to the Ancient Kings
is father before him, grew up in Glasgow, living in Westport - most
likely at Sweethope Estate - until 1841, when he was 15. In this
year, Josephs grandfather and namesake died and his father inherited
the Estate of Morriston.
Joseph was educated
at the University of Glasgow, where he was a student in 1842. After
completing his studies, he worked as was a writer in Glasgow for
a number of years and was described as "younger of Morriston". He
later returned to study, attending the Univesity of Edinburgh where
he studied Law.
On 4 October
1853 Joseph married Charlotte Piper in Edinburgh Midlothian,
the marriage is also recorded in Corstorphine, Midlothian.
born in Edinburgh in 1832 the first daughter and eldest child of
Edward Piper and Charlotte Mary Feather. She was christened
there on 6 Jul 1832.
Joseph and Charlotte
had 6 children (4 boys and two girls) between 1854 and 1866
Bain . Born 15 Jul 1854.
Joseph Bain. Born 23 Aug 1855. Married Ella G
Isabella Bain. Born 20 Jul 1858. Died Sep 1893
Foster Bain Born 30 Nov 1860
William Bain . Born 29 Apr 1863. Married Helen Margarita
Blandford. Died 1940
George Stewart Bain. Born 19 May 1866
After his marriage,
Joseph stayed in Edinburgh as it was here his first two children
were born. In 1858 the family was living in Row, Dunbarton, where
their third child was born. It is unclear what the family - or at
least Charlotte - was doing there at that time.
Isabella died in 1857. Some time after her death but before the
execution of her will in April 1860 Joseph returned
to Glasgow to take up residence as the Proprietor of the Estates
of Westport and Sweethope near Bothwell - these was most likely
the same estate that both he and his father had grown up on. Isabella
did not have
a will and her total estate of £737 was vested in Joseph -
as the eldest son - in 1860.
family resided at Sweethope until at least 1863 when their fifth
child was born. It is known that John sold the estate at some time
during the 1860s, based on BDM evidence, it is likely that this
occured around 1865, because their last child was born in Edinburgh
in 1866 - on the 1881 census, Walters birth is also recorded as
being in Sherborne, Dorset. One theory is that in distributing his
estate John Bain Esq sold all his assets (including the Stage Line
and the Estate in Westport). The timing of this event would fit
with the family removing themselves from Sweethope.
In 1871 the
family was living in Lynton, North Devon, and by 1881 Joseph had
moved to London, where the family lived in the affluent area of
11 Bristol Gardens, London, Middlesex. Josephs sister, Isabella
Todd Bain was living with them at the time - she was a school teacher.
in his 50s was working in the Public Record Office in London, where
he became acknowledged as an Authority on Scottish History as a
result of writing or editing a number of books that summarised the
public records of Scotland. His titles include:
Relating to Scotland in the PRO London" - Edited by Joseph
Bain, F.S.A.(Scot), Vol.IV 1357-1509 (Edinburgh 1888)
Stirlings of Craigbernard & Glorat" - Joseph Bain F.S.A Scot
(privately published in 1883)
Chronicles" collected in the London Record Office edited by
Joseph Bain, F.S.A
Book of Diocese of Glasgow" , Volumes 1 & 2 Joseph Bain & the
Rev. Charles Rogers (eds.), Grampian Club, 1875. Joseph Bain
of Documents Relating to Scotland", vol. i, p. 47 Calendar of
State Papers relating to Scotland and Mary Queen of Scots Vols
I and II. Ed Joseph Bain (HM General Register House, Edinburgh,
Edwards in Scotland, AD 1296-1377". By Joseph Bain. 1901.
"Calendar of letters and papers referring to the Borders"
on the "Rental Book of Diocese of Glasgow" the Rev Charles
Rogers was married to Joseph's cousin Isabella Smith Bain. Isabella's
was the great grandaughter of James
Bain and Anne Turcan, brother to Joseph's grandfather Joseph
Joseph and Charlottes
children were all very well educated - the boys attended The Westminster
School. Their eldest son John went to Oxford before pursuing an
academic career; Edward became an officer in the Royal Navy; and
Francis follows an academic career in India and gained renowned
for a number of Sanskrit translations..
In 1901, Joseph
had retired and was living with Charlotte at Cross Square, Cathedral
Close in St David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
in 1911 at the age of 85.