New Zealand is a relatively young country, but it is a country
of rich heritage - both Maori and European. Maori have lived
here in the "land of the long white cloud for over 1000
Europeans to visit New Zealand was Abel Tasman in 1642, but
it was James Cook who claimed it as British territory. The
first Europeans set up temporary settlements from 1790 onwards
and were primarily sealers then whalers from Sydney in It
was not until after 1840 when New Zealand was formerly claimed
as English Territory that people emigrated en-masse.
Zealand missed the mass assisted emigrations of the 1830s
and 1840s that populated much of New South Wales, instead
turning to Scotland.
have been described as being to New Zealand what the Irish
were to Australia. One historian has seen them as "the chief
lieutenants of settlement". Though huge numbers of Irish emigrated
to Australia it was New Zealand that drew the majority of
Scots. In peak years, more than one third of all Scots emigrants
went to New Zealand. At first, they clustered in Otago and
its offshoot, Sutherland, in the South Island. Both places
were half-Scottish in 1871.