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Jenolan Flora

Jenolan can be generally regarded as a cold climate, experiencing occasional snow falls, on occasions quite late into the year. Consequently the flora of the on the ridges and the upper slopes tend to be cold loving types. Deeper into the valley the gullies become sheltered which allows plants which require warm and moist conditions to thrive. The areas around cave entrances in particular enjoy warm moist air which is expelled from the caves, providing a remarkably consistent environment.

This photo shows vegetation that is typical of the ridgetops. When rain falls on this area the moisture is quickly drawn into the soil, leaving the surface dry very quickly.

This photo was taken on the valley floor just above the creekbed. In contrast to the ridgetops the vegetation here is much more dense. Althought he soil will dry out, it is usually more moist than higher in the hills. Ferns, mosses and nettles are commonly found in the most moist areas.

The first significant attempt to catalogue the flora of the reserve was performed by James Carvosso Wiburd and W Blakely in 1901. This work has been expanded up by a number of individuals. The list that appears below is based upon a list provided by the Jenolan Caves Reserve Trust.

Common Name
Species Name
Native
Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata
Y
Slender Wattle Acacia elongata
Y
Broad leafed hickory
(Hickory Wattle)
(Hickory Tanning Wattle)
Acacia falciformis
Y
Hickory Wattle
(Lightwod)
Acacia implexa
Y
Sydney Golden Wattle Acacia longifolia
Y
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon
Y
Hickory Wattle Acacia penninervis
Y
Prickly Moses
(Juniper Wattle)
Acacia ulicifolia
Y
Bidgee widgee Acaena anserinifolia
Y
  Acaena novae-zelandiae
Y
Australian Sheep's Burr Acaena ovina
Y
Sycamore maple Acer psuedoplatanus
Y
Maiden Hair Fern Adiantum aethiopicum
Y
  Amphibromus sp
Y
Necklace fern Asplenium flabellifolium
Y
Common Appleberry Billardieria scandens
Y
Leafy Bossiaea Bossiaea foliosa
Y
Creeping Bossiaea Bossiaea prostrata
Y
Kurrajong Brachychiton populneum
Y
  Brassica sp.
Y
Golden Lily
(Bulbine Lily)
Bulbine bulbosa
Y
Blackthorn Bursaria spinosa
Y
Pink Purslane Calandrinia calyptrata
Y
Staff Vine Celastrus australis
Y
Pink stars Centaurium erythraea
N
Spear thistle
(Black thistle)
Cirsium vugare
N
Forest Clematis Clematis glycinoides
Y
Old mans beard Clematis microphylla
Y
Match Heads Comesperma ericium
Y
Twining Match Heads Comesperma volubile
Y
Flax-leaf fleabane Conyza bonariensis
N
Rough Coprosma Coprosma hirtella (RUBIACEAE)
Y
Wild Fuschia
(Native Fushia)
(Common Correa)
Correa reflexa
Y
  Corybas sp
Y
Australian Stonecrop Crassula sieberana
Y
False bracken fern Culcita dubia
Y
Spiny heade mat-rush Culcita dubia
Y
Ringed wallaby grass Danthonia caespitosa
Y
  Danthonia racemosa
Y
Clustered Bitter-pea Daviesia corymbosa
Y
Hop Bitter-pea Daviesia latifolia
Y
Gorse Bitter-Pea Daviesia ulicifolia
Y
Large Tick Tre-foil Desmodium brachypodum
Y
Slender Tick Tre-foil Desmodium varians
Y
  Deyeuxia sp
Y
Spreading flax lily Dianella revoluta
Y
Kidney weed Dichondra repens
Y
Flowery Parrot-pea Dillwynia floribunda
Y
Eggs and Bacon Dillwynia retorta
Y
Anchor Plant Discaria pubescens
Y
Sticky hop bush Dodonaea viscosa
Y
Tall sundew Drosera auriculata
Y
White Stringybark Eucalyptus globoidea.
Y
Hedgehog grass Echinopogan ovatus
Y
Vipers bugloss Echium vulgare
Y
Climbing saltbush Einadia nutans
Y
Blueberry Ash Elaeocarpus reticulatus
Y
Smooth wilow-herb Epilobium billiordieronum
Y
Long-leaf Waxflower Eriostemon myoporoides
Y
  Erodium cicutarium
Y
Brown barrel Eucalyptus fastigata
Y
Ribbon gum Eucalyptus viminalis
Y
Native cherry Exocarpus cupressiformis
Y
Goose grass Galium aparine
N
  Galium binifolium
Y
Scrambling lily Geitonoplesium cymosum
Y
Granite cranesbill Geranium graniticola
Y
Australian cranesbill Geranium solanderi
Y
Native Geranium Geranium sp.
Y
Avens Geum urbanum
Y
Love Creeper Glycine clandestina
Y
Variable glycine Glycine tabacina
Y
Karralla Gompholobium huegelii
Y
Golden Tip Goodia lotifolia
Y
Common Hemp-bush Gynatrix pulchella
Y
Inland raspeort. Haloragis serra.
Y
Native Sarsaparilla Hardenbergia violacea
Y
False sasparilla Hardenbergia violacea
Y
Austral Mulberry Hedycarya angustifolia.
Y
Paper Daisy Helichrysum bracetum
Y
Prickly Guinea-flower Hibbertia acicularis
Y
Showy Guinea-flower Hibbertia linearis
Y
Erect Hovea Hovea linearis
Y
Rusty-pod Hovea longifolia
Y
Slender Violet Hybanthus monopetalus
Y
Stinging pennywort Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Y
Tree Violet Hymenanthera dentata
Y
Tutson Hypericum adrosaemum
N
Matted St John's Wort Hypericum japonicum
N
Flatweed Hypochoeris radicata
N
Common holly Ilex aquifloium
N
Australian Indigo
(Native Indigo)
Indigofera australis
Y
Perenial ryegrass Lalium perenne
Y
Yellow tea tree Leptospermum flavescens
Y
Wolley tea tree Leptpspermum lanigerum
Y
  Leucopogan ericoides
Y
Lance Beard Heath Leucopogon Lanceolatus
Y
Horehound Marrubium vulgare
N
Meadow rice grass Microleana stipoides
Y
White Purslane Montia australasica
Y
Western boobialla water bush Myoporum montanum
Y
Native Oxalis Oxalis corniculata
Y
Prickly Shaggy-pea Oxylobium ilicifolium
Y
Sickle Fern Pallaea falcata
Y
Wonga vine Pandorea pandorana
Y
  Panicum sp
Y
Common silkpod Pasonia straminea
Y
Austral Stork's Bill Pelargonium australe
Y
  Pellaea falcata
Y
Fire awn spear grass Pentapogan quadrinifolia
Y
Hawkweed Picris evae
Y
Rice flower Pimelea linifolia
Y
Sweet Pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum
Y
Cockspur flower Plectranuthus parriflorus
Y
Yellow Pomaderris Pomaderris andromedifolia
Y
Hazel Pomaderris Pomaderris apetala
Y
Birch Pomaderris Pomaderris betulina
Y
Rusty Pomaderris Pomaderris ferruginea
Y
Slender Pomaderris Pomaderris phylicifolia var. ericoides
Y
Prunus Pomaderris Pomaderris prunifolia
Y
  Prunella vulgaris
Y
Bracken fern Pteridium esculentum
Y
Greenhood Pterostylis sp
Y
Large-flower Bush-pea Pultenaea euchila
Y
Possum wood. Quintinia sieberi
Y
Common Buttercup Ranunculus lappaceus
Y
Forest Buttercup Ranunculus plebious
Y
  Rorippa gigantea
Y
Sweet briar Rosa rubiginosa
N
Blackberry Rubus fruticosus
N
Small-leaf Bramble Rubus parvifolius
Y
Slender dock Rumex brownii
Y
Native Elder Sambucus australasica
Y
Sandalwood Sandalum obtusifolium
Y
  Scleranthus biflorus
Y
Variable groundsel Senecio lautus
Y
Fireweed groundsel Senecio linearifolius
Y
  Senecio tenuflorus
Y
Black-berry nightshade Solanum nigrum
Y
Eastern nightshade Solanum pungefium
Y
  Solanum rostratum
Y
  Solanum vescum
Y
Common sow thistle Sonchos oleraceus
N
Candles Stackhousia monogyna
Y
Chickweed Stellaria media
Y
Prickly Starwort Stellaria pungens
Y
Smooth Darling Pea Swainsona galegifolia
Y
  Taraxacum officinale
N
Kangaroo grass Themada australis
Y
Clover Trifolium sp
Y
Stinging nettle Urtica incissa
Y
Twiggy mullein Verbascum virgatum
Y
Hairy speedwell Veronica calycina
Y
  Veronica sp
Y
Purple Violet Viola betonicifolia
Y
Native Violet Viola hederacea
Y
  Wahlenbergia communis
Y
Australian Bluebell Wahlenbergia gracilies
Y

 

 

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